In the following article we will be discussing about Scar Revision, scar types and their treatment:

What is scar revision?

what-is-scar-revision Scar revision surgery will attempt to minimize a scar so that it blends in with the surrounding texture and skin tone and is less conspicuous. Scars are nothing but visible signs that remain after a wound has healed. They are the unavoidable results of surgery or injury. Poor healing may contribute to scars that are obvious, disfiguring or unsightly. Even a wound that heals well can turn-out to be scar that affects your appearance. Scars may be noticeable due to theirshape, size or location; they can also be depressed or raised, and may differ in texture or color from the surrounding healthy tissue. Although scar revision can improve a scar that has healed poorly,or provide a more pleasing cosmetic result, a scar can never be completely erased.

What is a scar?

what-is-a-scar Scar revision is plastic surgery performed to improve the appearance or condition of a scar anywhere on your body.

Types of scar:

1.Surface irregularities or Discoloration and other more subtle scars can be improved cosmeticallyby surgery or other treatments recommended by your plastic surgeon. These types of scars include acne scars as well as scars resulting from prior surgical incisions or minor injury and do not cause physical discomfort. Hypertrophic scars are basically thick clusters of scar tissue that develop directly at a wound site. They are often red,raised and/or uncomfortable and as time passes they may become wider. They can be hypo-pigmented (lighter in color) or hyper-pigmented (darker in color). Keloids are larger compared tohypertrophic scars. They can be itchy or painful, and may also pucker. They extend beyond the edges of an originalincision or wound. Keloids can occur anywhere on your body but they usually develop where there is little underlying fatty tissue, such as on the face, neck, ears, chest or shoulders. Contractures are scars that restrict movement due to underlying tissue and skin that pull together during healing. They can occur when there is a huge amount of tissue loss, like after a burn. They also can form where a wound crosses a joint thus restricting movement of theelbows, fingers, knees or neck.

The treatment

The degree of improvement that can be achieved with scar revision will depend on the type, size and location of the scarand the severity of your scarring. Topical treatments such as tapes, gels or external compression, can help to reduce the ability of skin to produce irregular pigment, or in wound healing and closure. These products may be used to treat existing discoloration and surface scars, and to aid in the healing of scar revision procedures. Injectable treatments is another treatment. Dermal filler can be used to fill concave or depressedscars. To maintain results therapy must be repeated. Another type of injection therapy uses steroidal-based compounds to reduce collagen formation and can alter the size, appearance and texture of raised scar tissue. Surface treatments are most commonly used for cosmetic improvement of scars. This is a good treatment option for facial scars. These methods can reduce uneven pigmentationand soften surface irregularities. Surface treatments are a controlled means of either changing the nature of tissueor mechanically removing the top layers of skin. These surface treatment options include:
  • Dermabrasion which is a mechanical polishing of the skin.
  • Light or laser therapy that causes changes to the surface of the skin which allow healthy, new skin to form at the scar site.
  • Chemical peel solutions that penetrate the skin’s surface to soften irregularities in color and texture.
  • Skin bleaching agents whichare medications topicallyapplied to lighten the skin.

  • Keloid scar treatment

    keloid-scar-treatment The goal of keloid scar treatment is tosoften, flatten, or shrink the keloid. These scars can be hard to get rid of. In some cases they sometimes return after treatment. For the best results many doctors will use a combination of treatments. Those Treatments include the following:
  • Corticosteroid shots.
  • Freezing the scar.
  • Wearing gel or silicone sheets over the scar.
  • Laser therapy.
  • Surgical removal.
  • Pressure treatment.

  • Hypertrophic scar removal

    Hypertrophic-scar-removal Few of the Hypertrophic scar removal methods are mentioned below: 1.Corticosteroid treatments: for hypertrophic scars removal, Corticosteroid injections are considered a first-line treatment. Injecting a steroid into the scar every six weeks may help soften and flatten the scar. Such steroids may also weaken normal tissue around the scar, however, there’s isactually a limit to the number of times this can be performed. 2. Laser therapy: thishypertrophic scars removal technique is more effective in newly formed scars than in older scars. The lasers work by flattening and burning elevated scars. They also target the pink and red pigments in the scars to lighten them. 3.Surgery: After waiting at least a year, a hypertrophic scar can be cut out, or excised, and closed again with stitches. ThisHypertrophic scar removal treatment tries to re-heal the injury while eliminating the issues that may have caused the scar in the first place, such asinflammation, infection, or tension.

    Laser treatment for acne scars

    Laser treatment is a non-invasive painless method that gives better results or outcomes minus the discomfort that comes with surgery. In order to reduce the glaring appearance of scars this method uses a laser technology which is very powerful and useful in the removal of acne scars. This Laser treatment for acne scars does not affect the surrounding skin; it is a quick solution and gives you gorgeous, smoother skin.

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